Sendriya Mitra is an ambitious project of Ekalavya Foundation to promote organic farming thereby offsetting the ill effects of chemical farming. The initiative aims to regenerate soil health by reducing the use of chemical fertilisers in 50000 acres through 10000 farmers by2021. Under the flagship programme farmers are encouraged to form PGS (Participatory Guarantee System) groups to facilitate PGS certification for themselves by themselves.
The term “organic” refers to the way agricultural products are grown and processed. Organic Farming Is the production system in which avoids or largely exclude the use of synthetically compounded fertilizers, pesticide, growth regulator and livestock feed additives. To the maximum extent feasible organic farming system rely upon crop rotations, crop residues, animal manures, legumes, green manure, off- farm organic wastes and aspects of biological pest control insets, pest weeds etc.
|Organic vs. Non-Organic|
|Organic produce:||Conventionally-grown produce:|
|Grown with natural fertilizers (manure, compost).||Grown with synthetic or chemical fertilizers.|
|Weeds are controlled naturally (crop rotation, hand weeding, mulching, and tilling).||Weeds are controlled with chemical herbicides.|
|Pests are controlled using natural methods (birds, insects, traps) and naturally-derived pesticides.||Pests are controlled with synthetic pesticides|
The benefits of organic food
How your food is grown or raised can have a major impact on your mental and emotional health as well as the environment. Organic foods often have more beneficial nutrients, such as antioxidants, than their conventionally-grown counterparts and people with allergies to foods, chemicals, or preservatives often find their symptoms lessen or go away when they eat only organic foods.
Organic produce contains fewer pesticides. Chemicals such as fungicides, herbicides, and insecticides are widely used in conventional agriculture and residues remain on (and in) the food we eat.
Organic food is often fresher because it doesn’t contain preservatives that make it last longer. Organic produce is often produced on smaller farms near where it is sold.
Organic farming is better for the environment. Organic farming practices reduce pollution, conserve water, reduce soil erosion, increase soil fertility, and use less energy. Farming without pesticides is also better for nearby birds and animals as well as people who live close to farms.
Organic food is GMO-free. Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs) or genetically engineered (GE) foods are plants whose DNA has been altered in ways that cannot occur in nature or in traditional crossbreeding, most commonly in order to be resistant to pesticides or produce an insecticide.
Disaster of chemical Fertilisers:
- Loss of soil fertility , Land degradation
- Loss of bio diversity , water scarcity
- Bio diversity erosion, climate change
- Chemically contaminated foods
- Destruction of traditional knowledge systems
Aims of organic farming:
- To maintain the long term fertility of the soil
- To reduce input cost
- To effectively utilize natural resources
- To avoid all forms of pollution caused by agricultural techniques
- To provide a quality food stuff.
Organic farming works in harmony with nature than against it. This involves using techniques to achieve good crop yields without harming the natural environment or the people who live and work in it.
The main point about organic food and farming is that it is as natural as possible, returning to the most traditional farming methods that have been successful since man has started farming.
Aims of Sendriya Mitra:
For Farmer – Income security
For Consumer – Health Security
- To Increase agricultural incomes significantly to the farmers
- To regenerate soil health
- To Reduce consumption of fossil fuel based inputs
- To Provide healthy food (Chemical Free) facilitating healthy Bharath.
Target for next 3 years (2018-2021) – 10000 + farmers, 50000+ acres of organic farming:
- 50 clusters in Telangana and AP
- 3 mandals in each cluster
- 5 villages in each Mandal
- 15 farmers in each village
- Farmers are continuously trained in organic ways of farming.
- Farmers are encouraged to form PGS froups to facilitate PGS certification to their organically grown produce.
- To work for market linkage.
- To encourage farmers establish Farmers Producers Organizations for collective benefit of farmers.
- Average expenditure for transforming one acre of land from chemical farming to organic farming is Rs. 3200/- for 3 years.